My Jeopardy TemplateClause Review Game

Unit #4--Clauses

Clause--group of words with a subject and a verb.

2 Types
1. Independent
2. Subordinate

Independent Clause--has a subject and a verb and can stand alone. (complete sentence)

Ex. The reporter shouted loudly across the crowd

Subordinate Clause--has a subject and a verb but cannot stand alone. (dependent on independent clause)

Ex. when the phone rang
Ex. whom I often admired
Ex. since the country was divided

Subordinate Clauses begin with relative pronouns or subordinate conjunctions

Relative Pronouns
who, whom, whose, which, that

Subordinate Conjunctions

as, as if, as long as, since, than, though, even though, in order that, so that, until, unless, where, wherever, when, whenever, although, after, because, before, while

Adjective Clauses

Adjective Clause--subordinate clause that modifies a noun or pronoun

Answers the questions: Which one? or What kind?
Most of the time a relative pronoun will begin a subordinate clause that is working like an adjective

Ex. The magazine, which is torn, arrived in the mail today.

Ex. Mr. Smith showed us pictures that he took during his vacation.


Adverb Clause--subordinate clause that modifies a verb, adverb, or adjective

Answers the questions: Where? When? How? Why? or Under what condition?
Most of the time a subordinating conjunction will begin a subordinate clause that is working like an adverb

Ex. You may sit wherever you want.

Ex. Sara can type faster than I can.

Noun Clauses--subordinate clause used as a noun and has a function

1. Subject--That they were hungry was obvious to me.

2. Direct Object--Anthony and Tim remembered who he was by looking at the photo.

3. Indirect Object--The hostess gives whoever enters a menu.

4. Predicate Nominative--The toy is what I gave my niece for her birthday.

5. Object of the Preposition--Eager to please the speaker, we listened to whatever he said.

*supply "it" for all noun clauses

Common introductory words--how, however, that, what, whatever, when, whenever, whether, which, who, whoever, whom, whomever, why

Review of Subordinate Clauses

Adjective Clauses---relative pronoun, take out of sentence
Adverb Clauses--subordinating conjunction, take out of sentence
Noun Clauses--supply "it", leave in the sentence