Unit #2: Complements

Review Game



Complement: word or group of words that completes the meaning of the verb.

4 Types of Complements
Direct Object
  • Works only with an action verb
  • Find action verb-------> ask who? or what? = Direct Object
Ex. Sam showed the letter to his mother.

Ex. The man bought the computer from the mall for his daughter.

Ex. I love, especially around Halloween.


Indirect Object
  • Works only with an action verb
  • Find action verb------->ask who? or what? = Direct Object---------> ask to whom/what? or for whom/what?
Ex. Joe made his mother a basket of fruit for her birthday.

Ex. Mary gave the fan her autograph after the big game.

Ex. I gave the a special treat because it was a holiday.

*All sentences that contain both an indirect object and a direct object must follow this patter. ( A.V------I.O-------D.O)


Predicate Adjective
  • Works only with linking verbs
  • Found in predicate part of the sentence and describes the subject.
Ex. The weather became cloudy and dark before the storm.

Ex. The old woman seemed sweet and innocent to the entire community.

Ex. School is for those who enjoy learning and seeing their friends.


Predicate Nominative
  • Works only with linking verbs
  • Found in the predicate part of the sentence and renames the subject
Ex. Ms. Downing is my English teacher at Laurel.

Ex. The paper was the contract we agreeed upon during the meeting.

Ex. Toby is the cat who is constantly getting into trouble.

*With all sentences containing a predicate nominative, the writer can flip the sentence by moving the predicate to the subject and the subject to the predicate. The remaining sentence will still be grammatically correct and will deliver the same message to the reader.

Ex. My English teacher at Laurel is Ms. Downing.

Ex. The contract we agreed upon during the meeting was the paper.

Ex. The cat who is constantly getting into trouble is Toby.