Parts of a Sentence

I. Sentence: a group of words with a subject and a predicate that completes a thought.

  • A sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with end punctuation ( . ? ! )
  • ex. Sean was chosen as the captain of the baseball team.
  • ex. What are we having for lunch today?
  • Stop!

II. Fragment: a group of words with either a subject and no predicate or a predicate an no subject that does not complete a thought.

  • Was a well-known playwright. (missing subject)
  • Mark Twain (missing predicate)

III. Subject:

  • A subject tells whom or what the sentence is about.
  • ex. Aunt Lucy found a beautiful antique lamp at the garage sale.
  • The kitten with the white paws is named Boots.

Simple Subject: the main word in the complete subject that tells who or what the sentence is about.

  • The kitten with the white paw is named Boots.

IV. Predicate:

  • Part of the sentence that tells something about the subject.
  • Consists of the verb and all of words that complete the meaning of the verb.
  • ex. Mark's brother delivers pizzas on the weekends.
  • ex. Does this copier fold and staple documents?

Simple Predicate: is the verb of the sentence.
  • Mark's brother delivers pizzas on the weekends.

Compound Subject and Predicates: Two or more subject and two or more verbs in the sentence.
  • Cara and Tim lost and later found their missing toys.